Artworks that appear extremely realistic to the extent that they trick the eye.
(“Deceive the eye” is the literal translation of trompe l’oeil, a French term historically used to describe these types of works.)
David Jon Kassan
Since the ancient Greeks, intense realism has been an aspiration of Western art, however with the rise and popularity of abstract painting in the 20th century, such an aspiration became less avant-garde.
At the same time, the late 1960s and ‘70s saw the popularity of highly-realistic paintings based on photography (what is called Photorealism) and contemporary art has seen the popularity of sculptures that attempt to precisely replicate, or “re-create”, objects.